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Making a SuperHA-Pi (Install instructions)


AutoFrank
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The genesis of this post was a desire to try and simplify the third party programs (mainly sonos http api, HA bridge & NUT UPS monitor) that I have running on a few Raspberry PI devices.

 

The Goal - Get them all onto one Pi device, move from SD to USB booting and overall make it easier to manage, especially in the case of a crash (ie have a spare usb stick)

 

I currently don't use NodeRed or MQTT but decided to include them as well to see if I could get them all working on a Pi3

 

I ended up with the following running on a Pi3 from a Sandisk 16gb Cruzer USB memory stick

  • sonos-http-api - 

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  • HA bridge - 

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  • NUT UPS Server - 

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  • NodeRed - 

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  • Mosquitto MQTT (broker and client) - 

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The results can be accessed at 

  • Sonos API - http://192.168.1.240:5005/Livingroom/state
  • HA Bridge - http://192.168.1.240/#!/
  • NodeRed - http://192.168.1.240:1880/
  • MQTT pub and sub available at 192.168.1.240
  • NUT UPS service listener at 192.168.1.240:3493

 

Preface: The following steps worked for me and I referenced some of web pages I used but not all. I use Windows and I don't know the MAC equivalents.

My purpose for posting is to document what I did and hopefully this may help some users get started.  

It is not meant to be a foolproof guide that will work for all. You may come across some issues I never encountered and your best friend is google for resolving those

 

...af

 

 

=====

 

Installing Raspbian Buster

Download the zip from

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Use an application such as Win32DiskImager and a card reader to burn image onto SD Card (or Flash drive)
Before removing the SD card from the Card Reader use File explorer to view the content of the SD Card
Place a file called SSH (no file extension) into the root folder of the SD Card. This will allow you SSH into the Pi and use it headless

Place SD Card into Pi, connect Ethenet and apply power
Use Advanced Port Scanner (PC) or Fing (mobile) to find the IP address of the PI
Use Putty to SSH into the PI (enter IP address and port 22)
Login into Pi
Username - pi
password - raspberry
You can change the password if you like 

 

Booting from SD card and then from the USB Flash Drive

If you have a Pi3 you can get your Pi to boot from a Flash Drive/Memory Stick. It is documented below but in summary thisisi what you do

  1. Initially burn a standard raspbian image on an SD card. You then boot up the Pi using the SD card and run some commands over SSH. This tells the Pi to boot from USB first the next time
  2. Burn a standard raspbian image onto a Flash Drive. Remove the SD card and insert the Flash Drive and power on. It can take 20-30 second to boot and get a SSH connection so be patient.

Don't forget to add  the SH file (no extension) in the root of both the SD Card and Flash Drive/Memory as described above to enable SSH access from each to the Pi 


Boot up the PI with the SD card and a standard Raspbian Buster Image
SSH in the Pi
Enter the following commands (one per line)

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The last command should give a result like 17:3020000a
If not then repeat the above steps

 

Power off pi
Remove the SD Card and insert the Flash Drive/Memory Stick into one USB port
Add power and ethernet and let it boot (It can take up to 30 seconds to boot up)
SSH in as normal and confirm you can log in

Use an application like WnSCP if you want to get file access to the card/flash drive while it is running on the Pi

 

References: h

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======


Install NODE.JS & NPM
I use Node.js v8 here as there appears to be a conflict between v10 and npm where npm doesn't work correctly.

Npm is included in the Node v8 release below
Clone/Copy the zip the Pi

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Extract & Install

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reboot Pi using 

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Use following commands to verify install

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======


Sonos http api Install

Clone http api files to PI

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List folder contents and change to http-api folder and install the api (enter each one seperately)

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Start the API Service

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You should see references to sonos rooms, etc


Now open a browser and assuming your sonos zone/room name is Kitchen you can confirm that the api is working by entering the following 

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For me it is http://192.168.1.240:5005/kitchen/state

You should see something like 

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Get API service to start automatically when Pi powers up

INSTALL PM2
Reboot Pi  (sudo reboot) and enter each command separately when it boots 

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Reboot Pi (sudo reboot ) and confirm service starts automatically by using browser commands above

 

FOR TextToSpeech function of the Sonos API

Change folder 

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Edit the settings.json file

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Amend as you need -

I use AWS Polly and these are my settings

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Reboot Pi (sudo reboot) and confirm with the SAY command to one of your zones

Ref: 

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======


HA Bridge Install

Install Java8

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Let finish and verify using following command to display version

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Install HA Bridge sw (enter each command separately) 

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Create the service file

Change directory and edit/create the ha-bridge.service file

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Copy the following into the ha-bridge.service file

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Save the file in the editor by hitting CTL-X and then saying Y to update and save.

Reload the system control config:

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To start the bridge:

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To start the service at boot, use the enable command:

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Open browser and access HA Bridge GUI at http://Ip of Pi/

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Configure as required

 

Note: If you have an instance running and want to migrate you will need to copy the habridge.config and device.db files to the new Pi

There are some guidelines here for that but I haven't tried them - 

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Ref:

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& others

 

======

 

Network Utility Tools Install

For UPS devices connected over USB

 

Update some pi network references

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Scroll to bottom and add this text (Change the static address to be that of your Pi)

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Save the file in the editor by hitting CTL-X and then saying Y to update and save.

Now hook up the UPS to the RPi using the USB cable and reboot the RPi. (sudo reboot)

Install NUT

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Confirm any questions with Y

reboot (sudo reboot)

Display USB interfaces to ensure that UPS is visible

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you should see something similar to this

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Note: You can see both the USB Drive (Cruzer) and the UPS System (MGE Systems)

 

Configure NUT

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Add this to the bottom of the file

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Review

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to change usbhid-ups above if required to match your UPS driver

Save the file in the editor by hitting CTL-X and then saying Y to update and save.

Test the UPS driver by running:

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You may see something similar to the following

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Configure Upsmon and upsd

Edit the upsd.conf file

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Scroll down to the LISTEN part and uncomment the LISTEN directive for localhost (127.0.0.1) and add another LISTEN directive for the static IP we assigned to the RPi earlier.

You should end up with 

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Edit the upsd.users file

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Add the following to the bottom

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Edit /etc/nut/upsmon.conf and add the UPS to be monitored and user credentials for upsd in the MONITOR section:

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Add the following to the MONITOR section

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Edit /etc/nut/nut.conf and set the value for MODE equal to 'netserver' without any spaces before and after the = sign:

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Add the following to the bottom of the file

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save and close file. Reboot Pi (sudo reboot)

 

I then created a service as the service doesn't always start by itself. The issue is referenced here -

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I used a py script and there are other ways. 

 

Edit/Create the py script file from the home directory)

 

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Add the following to the file

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Use systemd to run at start up by creating a service

Create/edit the service file 

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Add the following to the file

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CTRL-X and Y to exit

Change to systemd Directory 

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Reload the services

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Start service by ..

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Enable to run at boot

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Ref :

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======

 

Install Mosquitto MQTT Broker and Client

Retrieve and add the key (enter each command separately)

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Then make the repository available to apt

Change folder

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Enter the following to get the list for raspbian buster

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Update the source list

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This installs the mosquitto broker

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This installs mqtt mosquitto client 

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Testing MQTT

Open tow SSH sessions to the Pi (call one putty1 and the second putty2). Log into both

 

In putty1 session type the command with the topic name armtronix_mqtt (just used for testing)

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This will subscribe Pi to MQTT broker(which is runs on Pi) handling MQTT armtronix_mqtt.

 

In putty2 session type the following command with the same topic i.e armtronix_mqtt

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Now come to the window putty1, image 1 here you will be able to see the message "Hello"

 

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Ref:

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======


Install Node RED

I'm installing just NodeRed and not NodeJs/NPM as I don't want NodeJs version to be upgraded to the latest v10

Install Nodered

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test by starting start with 

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Now we need to create a service to get it to start on reboot

Create/Edit file

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Add the following to the service file

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CTRL-X and Y to exit

 

Ensure that the service runs at boot up using systemd

Change folder

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reload the services

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Start service by ..

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Enable to run at boot

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Access NodeRed UI at  http://ip of Pi:1880/

 

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Ref

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 & 

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======


Optional ...
Save the Flash Drive image to your PC to reburn later or create copies for fast swap out if you need to
Use something like Win23DiskImager to do this.


... Enjoy !!

 

 

 

Edited by AutoFrank
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Cool.

but node red already included MQTT node (emulated)

also node red already included sonos node (very cool - trust me)

idk for what purposes you install HA bridge... no comment here 

and last 

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also you can simple grab ups status from node-red.

so imho you can install *only* node-red ;) 

thats all ;) 

 

btw, now I am not used rPI in HA. NODE-RED now works in container (QNAP)

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  • Thanks @10der

    I use ha-bridge to add scenes and VD button trigger devices to my amazon account for Alexa for voice control.

     

    The great thing about the individual packages is that people can pick in an "al la carte" fashion....

     

    I must take a look at nodered when I get a chance .. 

    Edited by AutoFrank
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    all this works with node red, dont need the other stuff. I control my vd an scenes and the other Modules from fibaro with my Alexa through node red.

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  • 48 minutes ago, ctyd said:

    all this works with node red, dont need the other stuff. I control my vd an scenes and the other Modules from fibaro with my Alexa through node red.

     

    thanks, that might be a good place for somebody new starting out @ctyd

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